Term Information [More information on translation]

Accession
GO:0006412
Name
translation
Ontology
biological_process
Synonyms
alt. id: GO:0006416, GO:0043037, GO:0006453
protein anabolism, protein biosynthesis, protein biosynthetic process, protein formation, protein synthesis, protein translation
Definition
The cellular metabolic process in which a protein is formed, using the sequence of a mature mRNA molecule to specify the sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation is mediated by the ribosome, and begins with the formation of a ternary complex between aminoacylated initiator methionine tRNA, GTP, and initiation factor 2, which subsequently associates with the small subunit of the ribosome and an mRNA. Translation ends with the release of a polypeptide chain from the ribosome. Source: GOC:go_curators
Comment
None
History
See term history for GO:0006412 at QuickGO
Subset
gosubset_prok
goslim_plant
goslim_generic
goslim_pir
goslim_candida
goslim_aspergillus
goslim_metagenomics
goslim_chembl
Community
GN Add usage comments for this term on the GONUTS wiki.
Feedback
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Graph of GO:0006412 from QuickGO

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Ancestors of translation (GO:0006412)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
translation [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) biological_process (GO:0008150)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) cellular process (GO:0009987)
translation [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) metabolic process (GO:0008152)
translation [is_a relation] is_a  biosynthetic process (GO:0009058)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) cellular metabolic process (GO:0044237)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) nitrogen compound metabolic process (GO:0006807)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) cellular biosynthetic process (GO:0044249)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process (GO:0034641)
translation [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) organic substance metabolic process (GO:0071704)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) cellular amide metabolic process (GO:0043603)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) cellular nitrogen compound biosynthetic process (GO:0044271)
translation [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) macromolecule metabolic process (GO:0043170)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) organic substance biosynthetic process (GO:1901576)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) organonitrogen compound metabolic process (GO:1901564)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) primary metabolic process (GO:0044238)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) amide biosynthetic process (GO:0043604)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) cellular macromolecule metabolic process (GO:0044260)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) macromolecule biosynthetic process (GO:0009059)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) organonitrogen compound biosynthetic process (GO:1901566)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) peptide metabolic process (GO:0006518)
translation [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) protein metabolic process (GO:0019538)
translation [is_a relation] is_a  cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process (GO:0034645)
translation [is_a relation] is_a  cellular protein metabolic process (GO:0044267)
translation [part_of relation] part_of  gene expression (GO:0010467)
translation [is_a relation] is_a  peptide biosynthetic process (GO:0043043)
Children of translation (GO:0006412)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
cytoplasmic translation (GO:0002181) [is_a relation] is_a  translation
gene silencing by miRNA (GO:0035195) [negatively_regulates relation] negatively_regulates  translation
maintenance of translational fidelity (GO:1990145) [part_of relation] part_of  translation
mitochondrial translation (GO:0032543) [is_a relation] is_a  translation
N-terminal peptidyl-proline dimethylation involved in translation (GO:0071891) [part_of relation] part_of  translation
negative regulation of translation (GO:0017148) [negatively_regulates relation] negatively_regulates  translation
negative regulation of translation, ncRNA-mediated (GO:0040033) [negatively_regulates relation] negatively_regulates  translation
plastid translation (GO:0032544) [is_a relation] is_a  translation
positive regulation of translation (GO:0045727) [positively_regulates relation] positively_regulates  translation
regulation of translation (GO:0006417) [regulates relation] regulates  translation
regulation of translation by machinery localization (GO:0043143) [part_of relation] part_of  translation
ribosome (GO:0005840) [capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of  translation
translation factor activity, RNA binding (GO:0008135) [part_of relation] part_of  translation
translational elongation (GO:0006414) [part_of relation] part_of  translation
translational initiation (GO:0006413) [part_of relation] part_of  translation
translational termination (GO:0006415) [part_of relation] part_of  translation
triplet codon-amino acid adaptor activity (GO:0030533) [part_of relation] part_of  translation
tRNA aminoacylation for protein translation (GO:0006418) [part_of relation] part_of  translation
viral translation (GO:0019081) [is_a relation] is_a  translation