Term Information [More information on cilium]

Accession
GO:0005929
Name
cilium
Ontology
cellular_component
Synonyms
eukaryotic flagellum, microtubule-based flagellum, flagellum
Definition
A specialized eukaryotic organelle that consists of a filiform extrusion of the cell surface and of some cytoplasmic parts. Each cilium is largely bounded by an extrusion of the cytoplasmic (plasma) membrane, and contains a regular longitudinal array of microtubules, anchored to a basal body. Source: ISBN:0198547684, GOC:kmv, GOC:vw, GOC:cilia
Comment
Note that we deem cilium and microtubule-based flagellum to be equivalent. In most eukaryotic species, intracellular sub-components of the cilium, such as the ciliary base and rootlet, are located near the plasma membrane. In Diplomonads such as Giardia, instead, the same ciliary parts are located further intracellularly.
History
See term history for GO:0005929 at QuickGO
Subset
goslim_generic
goslim_pir
goslim_chembl
Community
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Feedback
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Graph of GO:0005929 from QuickGO

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Ancestors of cilium (GO:0005929)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
cilium [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) cellular_component (GO:0005575)
cilium [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) cell (GO:0005623)
cilium [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) cell part (GO:0044464)
cilium [is_a relation] is_a  cell projection (GO:0042995)
cilium [is_a relation] is_a  organelle (GO:0043226)
Children of cilium (GO:0005929)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
ciliary part (GO:0044441) [part_of relation] part_of  cilium
intraciliary transport (GO:0042073) [occurs_in relation] occurs_in  cilium
left anterior flagellum (GO:0097554) [is_a relation] is_a  cilium
left caudal flagellum (GO:0097560) [is_a relation] is_a  cilium
left posteriolateral flagellum (GO:0097556) [is_a relation] is_a  cilium
left ventral flagellum (GO:0097558) [is_a relation] is_a  cilium
motile cilium (GO:0031514) [is_a relation] is_a  cilium
primary cilium (GO:0072372) [is_a relation] is_a  cilium
right anterior flagellum (GO:0097555) [is_a relation] is_a  cilium
right caudal flagellum (GO:0097561) [is_a relation] is_a  cilium
right posteriolateral flagellum (GO:0097557) [is_a relation] is_a  cilium
right ventral flagellum (GO:0097559) [is_a relation] is_a  cilium
FMA
67181
NIF_Subcellular
sao787716553
Wikipedia
Cilium