Term Information [More information on ribosome]

Accession
GO:0005840
Name
ribosome
Ontology
cellular_component
Synonyms
alt. id: GO:0033279
ribosomal RNA, free ribosome, membrane bound ribosome
Definition
An intracellular organelle, about 200 A in diameter, consisting of RNA and protein. It is the site of protein biosynthesis resulting from translation of messenger RNA (mRNA). It consists of two subunits, one large and one small, each containing only protein and RNA. Both the ribosome and its subunits are characterized by their sedimentation coefficients, expressed in Svedberg units (symbol: S). Hence, the prokaryotic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit, while the eukaryotic ribosome (80S) comprises a large (60S) subunit and a small (40S) subunit. Two sites on the ribosomal large subunit are involved in translation, namely the aminoacyl site (A site) and peptidyl site (P site). Ribosomes from prokaryotes, eukaryotes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts have characteristically distinct ribosomal proteins. Source: ISBN:0198506732
Comment
None
History
See term history for GO:0005840 at QuickGO
Subset
gosubset_prok
goslim_generic
goslim_plant
goslim_pir
goslim_candida
goslim_aspergillus
goslim_chembl
goslim_metagenomics
goslim_yeast
Community
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Feedback
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Graph of GO:0005840 from QuickGO

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Ancestors of ribosome (GO:0005840)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) biological_process (GO:0008150)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) cellular process (GO:0009987)
ribosome [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) cellular_component (GO:0005575)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) metabolic process (GO:0008152)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) biosynthetic process (GO:0009058)
ribosome [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) cell (GO:0005623)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) cellular metabolic process (GO:0044237)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) nitrogen compound metabolic process (GO:0006807)
ribosome [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) cell part (GO:0044464)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) cellular biosynthetic process (GO:0044249)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process (GO:0034641)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) organic substance metabolic process (GO:0071704)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) cellular amide metabolic process (GO:0043603)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) cellular nitrogen compound biosynthetic process (GO:0044271)
ribosome [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) intracellular (GO:0005622)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) macromolecule metabolic process (GO:0043170)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) organic substance biosynthetic process (GO:1901576)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) organonitrogen compound metabolic process (GO:1901564)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) primary metabolic process (GO:0044238)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) amide biosynthetic process (GO:0043604)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) cellular macromolecule metabolic process (GO:0044260)
ribosome [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) intracellular part (GO:0044424)
ribosome [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) macromolecular complex (GO:0032991)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) macromolecule biosynthetic process (GO:0009059)
ribosome [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) organelle (GO:0043226)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) organonitrogen compound biosynthetic process (GO:1901566)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) peptide metabolic process (GO:0006518)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) protein metabolic process (GO:0019538)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process (GO:0034645)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) cellular protein metabolic process (GO:0044267)
ribosome [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) cytoplasm (GO:0005737)
ribosome [Inferred related_to relation] related_to (inferred) gene expression (GO:0010467)
ribosome [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) intracellular organelle (GO:0043229)
ribosome [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) non-membrane-bounded organelle (GO:0043228)
ribosome [Inferred capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of (inferred) peptide biosynthetic process (GO:0043043)
ribosome [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) ribonucleoprotein complex (GO:1990904)
ribosome [is_a relation] is_a  cytoplasmic part (GO:0044444)
ribosome [is_a relation] is_a  intracellular non-membrane-bounded organelle (GO:0043232)
ribosome [is_a relation] is_a  intracellular ribonucleoprotein complex (GO:0030529)
ribosome [capable_of part of relation] capable_of part of  translation (GO:0006412)
Children of ribosome (GO:0005840)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
chloroplast ribosome (GO:0043253) [is_a relation] is_a  ribosome
cytosolic ribosome (GO:0022626) [is_a relation] is_a  ribosome
mitochondrial ribosome (GO:0005761) [is_a relation] is_a  ribosome
organellar ribosome (GO:0000313) [is_a relation] is_a  ribosome
plastid ribosome (GO:0009547) [is_a relation] is_a  ribosome
polysomal ribosome (GO:0042788) [is_a relation] is_a  ribosome
ribosomal subunit (GO:0044391) [part_of relation] part_of  ribosome
NIF_Subcellular
sao1429207766
Wikipedia
Ribosome