Term Information [More information on Golgi apparatus]

Accession
GO:0005794
Name
Golgi apparatus
Ontology
cellular_component
Synonyms
Golgi complex, Golgi ribbon, Golgi
Definition
A compound membranous cytoplasmic organelle of eukaryotic cells, consisting of flattened, ribosome-free vesicles arranged in a more or less regular stack. The Golgi apparatus differs from the endoplasmic reticulum in often having slightly thicker membranes, appearing in sections as a characteristic shallow semicircle so that the convex side (cis or entry face) abuts the endoplasmic reticulum, secretory vesicles emerging from the concave side (trans or exit face). In vertebrate cells there is usually one such organelle, while in invertebrates and plants, where they are known usually as dictyosomes, there may be several scattered in the cytoplasm. The Golgi apparatus processes proteins produced on the ribosomes of the rough endoplasmic reticulum; such processing includes modification of the core oligosaccharides of glycoproteins, and the sorting and packaging of proteins for transport to a variety of cellular locations. Three different regions of the Golgi are now recognized both in terms of structure and function: cis, in the vicinity of the cis face, trans, in the vicinity of the trans face, and medial, lying between the cis and trans regions. Source: ISBN:0198506732
Comment
Note that the Golgi apparatus can be located in various places in the cytoplasm. In plants and lower animal cells, the Golgi apparatus exists as many copies of discrete stacks dispersed throughout the cytoplasm, while the Golgi apparatus of interphase mammalian cells is a juxtanuclear, often pericentriolar reticulum, where the discrete Golgi stacks are stitched together to form a compact and interconnected ribbon, sometimes called the Golgi ribbon.
History
See term history for GO:0005794 at QuickGO
Subset
goslim_generic
goslim_plant
goslim_pir
goslim_candida
goslim_aspergillus
goslim_metagenomics
goslim_chembl
goslim_yeast
Community
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Graph of GO:0005794 from QuickGO

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Ancestors of Golgi apparatus (GO:0005794)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
Golgi apparatus [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) cellular_component (GO:0005575)
Golgi apparatus [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) cell (GO:0005623)
Golgi apparatus [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) cell part (GO:0044464)
Golgi apparatus [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) intracellular (GO:0005622)
Golgi apparatus [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) intracellular part (GO:0044424)
Golgi apparatus [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) organelle (GO:0043226)
Golgi apparatus [Inferred part_of relation] part_of (inferred) cytoplasm (GO:0005737)
Golgi apparatus [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) intracellular organelle (GO:0043229)
Golgi apparatus [Inferred is_a relation] is_a (inferred) membrane-bounded organelle (GO:0043227)
Golgi apparatus [is_a relation] is_a  cytoplasmic part (GO:0044444)
Golgi apparatus [part_of relation] part_of  endomembrane system (GO:0012505)
Golgi apparatus [is_a relation] is_a  intracellular membrane-bounded organelle (GO:0043231)
Children of Golgi apparatus (GO:0005794)
subject[Reorder by subject] relation[Reorder by relation] object[Reorder by object]
Golgi apparatus mannose trimming (GO:1904381) [occurs_in relation] occurs_in  Golgi apparatus
Golgi apparatus part (GO:0044431) [part_of relation] part_of  Golgi apparatus
Golgi calcium ion homeostasis (GO:0032468) [occurs_in relation] occurs_in  Golgi apparatus
Golgi stack (GO:0005795) [part_of relation] part_of  Golgi apparatus
Golgi subcompartment (GO:0098791) [part_of relation] part_of  Golgi apparatus
protein galactosylation in Golgi (GO:0033581) [occurs_in relation] occurs_in  Golgi apparatus
protein glycosylation in Golgi (GO:0033578) [occurs_in relation] occurs_in  Golgi apparatus
trans-Golgi network (GO:0005802) [part_of relation] part_of  Golgi apparatus
TRAPPII protein complex (GO:1990071) [part_of relation] part_of  Golgi apparatus
TRAPPIII protein complex (GO:1990072) [part_of relation] part_of  Golgi apparatus
NIF_Subcellular
sao451912436
Wikipedia
Golgi_apparatus